Werkschrift 2109 Bf 109 K-4 Flugzeug Handbuch. [17][18], To improve the performance of the Bf 109E, the last two real prototypes (V16 and V17) were constructed. The canopy structure was completely redesigned to incorporate a greater area of clear perspex; the welded framing for the three-panel Erla Haube design was reduced to a minimum and there was no longer a fixed rear portion, with the entire structure aft of the windscreen being hinged to swing to starboard when opened. 1944. The DB 605 D-2 was a development of this using the larger DB 603 supercharger. The Me / Bf 109 was the second most produced fighter just under the Russian Ilyushin Il-2 Shturmovik. In order to reduce development time, various components from previous aircraft were to be used. This model features a black dial with a date display window at 3 o'clock, a red second hand, and an aircraft image all enclosed inside of a 40mm stainless steel case. [2] V4 and some A-0 were powered by a 640 PS (631 hp, 471 kW) Junkers Jumo 210B engine driving a two-blade fixed-pitch propeller, but production was changed to the 670 PS (661 hp, 493 kW) Jumo 210D as soon as it became available. It seems it bares import to discuss where these designations came from. Theprototype models V-21, V-22, V-23, a… [citation needed] With such a high rate of production, despite continuous heavy fighting, by the end of January 1945, 314 K-4s – about every fourth 109 – were listed on hand with the first line Luftwaffe units. [8][9], Production of the short-lived Bf 109C began in the spring of 1938. Prien and Rodeike 1995, pp. Messerschmitt 109 – myths versus facts. And in the acrobatics manoeuver, you could spin with the 109, and go very easy out of the spin. From the spring of 1943, the G-series saw the appearance of bulges in the cowling when the 7.92 mm (.312 in) MG 17 were replaced with 13 mm (.51 in) MG 131 machine guns (G-5 onwards) due to the latter's much larger breechblock, and on the wings (due to larger tyres), leading to the Bf 109 G-6's nickname "Die Beule" ("The Bulge"). [115], Experimental version of Bf 109G-2/R1 with extra landing gear, one ventral 250 kg bomb and two drop tanks under wings, After the war, some Bf 109s were produced in Czechoslovakia as the Avia S-99 and Avia S-199. [103][Notes 5] A wide-chord, three-bladed VDM 9-12159A propeller of 3 m (9.8 ft) diameter was used, as on the G-6/AS, G-14/AS and G-10. Maximum speed of the G-5/G-6 was 530 km/h (320 mph) at sea level, 640 km/h (391 mph) at 6,600 m (21,650 ft)-rated altitude at 1.42 atm boost. By this time, the Bf 109T was hopelessly outdated and a new fighter would be needed. The cowling was streamlined,the spinner enlarged, the propeller blades widened and shortened, thewingtips rounded, and the tail plane bracing struts removed. ", Taylor, John W.R. "Messerschmitt Bf 109. [74] The G-5 with a pressurized cockpit was identical to the G-6. ? Certain production batches of the Bf 109G were fitted with aileron Flettner tabs to decrease stick forces at high speeds. Read honest and unbiased product reviews from our users. [39] The fuel tank was self-sealing, and around 1942 Bf 109Fs were retrofitted with additional armour made from layered light-alloy plate just aft of the pilot and fuel tank. The 1,350 PS (1,332 hp, 993 kW) DB 601 E was used in the F-3 and F-4 model together with a VDM 9-12010 propeller with broader blades for improved altitude performance. Visible changes included engine, cockpit and machine gun ventilation holes/slats, and the location of the oil cooler was changed several times to prevent overheating. In the hands of a capable pilot, the \"Me 109\" as it was most often called, inevitably held its own. 34. The Messerschmitt Bf 109 was a German World War II fighter aircraft designed by Willy Messerschmitt and Robert Lusser during the early to mid-1930s. This canopy, which was also retrofitted to many E-1s and E-3s, was largely unchanged until the introduction of a welded, heavy-framed canopy on the G series in the autumn of 1942. The Bf 109A was the first version of the Bf 109. Well, there is an explanation. [103][104] The DB could also be run on higher octane C3 fuel, but the use of MW 50 was forbidden. Furthermore, 109 losses attributed to crashes during taxi made up about 10% of the total 109 losses, which is about on par with the average for most other planes at the time. D.(Luft) T.2109 Bf 109 G-6/U4 Flugzeug handbuch, Tei 0: Allgemeine Angaben. Communications equipment was the FuG 7 Funkgerät 7 (radio set) short-range radio apparatus, effective to ranges of 48–56 km (30–35 mi). [53], With its initial engine rating of 1,200 PS, the maximum speed of the F-4 (and F-3) was 635 km/h (394 mph) at rated altitude; and with the clearance of the full rating of 1,350 PS, maximum speed increased to 659 km/h (410 mph) at 6,200 m (20,341 ft). The engineers at the Messerschmitt facilities took two Bf 109 E-1 airframes and installed this new powerplant. The RLM ordered Messerschmitt to rationalise production of the Bf 109, consolidating parts and types to produce a standard model with more interchangeable parts and equipment; flaws in the design of the airframe were also to be remedied. [76] and were clearly identifiable as they use a modified, aerodynamically cleaner, engine cowl without the usual blisters. Pitch control, as on the 109F, was either electro-mechanical (automatic) or manual-electric using a thumb-switch on the throttle lever. Jahrhundert. Condition is "Used". When the Bf 109 was designed in 1934, by a team led by Willy Messerschmitt and Robert Lusser, its primary role was that of a high-speed, short range interceptor. This resulted in a shell with a thin but strong wall, which had a larger cavity in which to pack a much larger explosive charge than was otherwise possible. [27], Despite references to a Bf 109 T-0 version. [96] Flettner tabs for the ailerons were also to be fitted to serial production aircraft to reduce control forces but were extremely rare, with the majority of the K-4s using the same aileron system as the G series.[97]. Messerschmitt Me-109 K-4 (Source: JaPo Me-109K) History. They served throughout the invasion of France, thoroughly thwarting the French Morane-Saulnier M.S.406 and the Dewoitine D.520. [70] Due to the steady weight increases of the 109, from the spring of 1943 larger 660 × 160 mm (26 × 6.3 in) mainwheels were introduced, replacing the previously used 650 × 150 mm (25.6 × 6 in) type. Otherwise the wings incorporated the cooling system modifications described below. Jump to: navigation, search. The base subtypes could be equipped with Rüstsatz add-on standard field kits; in practice this meant hanging on some sort of additional equipment like droptanks, bombs or cannons to standard attachment points, present on all production aircraft. The wing tips were akin to that of the Bf 109E. [6] In the following V9 prototype, both wing guns were replaced by 20 mm MG FF cannons. In the early years of the war, the Bf 109 was the only single-engined fighter operated by the Luftwaffe, until the appearance of the Fw 190. When the Bf 109 was designed in 1934, by a team led by Willy Messerschmitt and Robert Lusser, its primary role was that of a high-speed, short range interceptor. This topic is categorised under: Aircraft » Propeller » Messerschmitt Bf 109 E-4 (armor and structural improvements, change of MG FF cannons to MG FF/M. The fuselage had a wider cross-section, and a new canopy was fitted. Development was stopped in early 1942. Variants included the D-0 and D-1 models, both having a Junkers Jumo 210D engine and armed with two wing-mounted and two nose-mounted 7.92 mm (.312 in) MG 17s. GM-1-boosted G-5 and G-6 variants received the additional designation of "/U2". Armament of the K-4 consisted of a 30 mm (1.2 in) MK 108 engine-mounted cannon (Motorkanone) with 65 rounds and two 13 mm (0.51 in) MG 131s in the nose with 300 rpg, although some K-4s were fitted with the MG 151/20 as the Motorkanone. Seven earlier versions (Bf 109 B, Bf 109 C, Bf 109 E) were converted to test carrier equipment. [46] A total of 208 F-1s were built between August 1940 and February 1941 by Messerschmitt Regensburg and the Wiener Neustädter Flugzeugwerke (WNF).[49]. [12], The E-7 was the next major production variant, entering service and seeing combat at the end of August 1940. A third and fourth were designed on paper and would be similar to the first two airframes but powered by Jumo 213 engines. [72] Between January and February 1943, 50 examples of a pressurized version, the G-3 were also produced; similar to the G-1 although it was equipped with the same FuG 16 VHF radio set as the G-4.[73]. [3] 6–15 incorporated several improvements from the Bf 109B production program and had been prepared to use a variable-pitch propeller although it had not been installed. His award winning … The engine chosen was the Pratt & Whitney R-1830 of 1200 hp. A Bf 109 in Finnish service. On top of this, German pilots had never encountered a bomber like the B-17 that could take such a punishment as well as dish it out. This Me 109 is currently on display in the Battle for Berlin exhibit in the American Heritage Museum. The 109 remained in production from 1937 through 1945 in many different v… The new shell required modifications to the MG FF's mechanism due to the different recoil characteristics, hence the MG FF/M designation. Thanks, Bill Pine Grove, Pa ? About 1,230 F-2s were built between October 1940 and August 1941 by AGO, Arado, Erla, Messerschmitt Regensburg and WNF(Wiener Neustädter Flugzeugwerke). [49] No tropical version was built, although F-2s were fitted with sand filters in the field. As noted above, Czech pilots who had previously flown Spitfires for the RAF nicknamed the aircraft Mezek ("Mule"). Dear Bill, According to my contacts at the Bundesluftwaffe, the change in designation refers to the moment … It doesn’t help that official Nazi documentation used both Bf and Me at the same time during the war. [16] After test fights, the V14 was considered more promising and a pre-production batch of 10 E-0 was ordered. 109Ds of all F-4 variants produced lb ) bomb ; it is that... 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